Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the GCC states as well as in the world. The risk factors for CAD such as diabetes, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and inactivity contribute to the development and acceleration of CAD. Unfortunately these risk factors are prevalent in the Gulf. In fact, the prevalence of diabetes in GCC states is higher than in the rest of the world.
There is already growing awareness in our region of the link between smoking and CAD. However, the public is still unaware that passive smoking is almost as dangerous and harmful to health as active smoking.
Data on heart disease in the Gulf is fragmented and rare. The need for accurate documentation and analysis of the incidence, prevalence, treatment success, and mortality of heart disease could be achieved prospectively through a well established central registry for all the GCC states. This is the task that the GHA is eager to accomplish with the cooperation of the GCC Ministries of Health Executive Office.